Presentations from 2007 Meeting Sessions
B1. Training Non-Native-English-Speaking Editors
Tom Lang, Tom Lang Communications and Training; Ana Marusic, Croation Medical Journal and Zagreb University School of Medicine; Mauricio Rocha e Silva, São Paulo University Medical College, Hospital Das Clinicas, Brazil; Adrian Stanley, Chief Executive Officer, The Charlesworth Group (USA), Moderator
For better or worse, English has become the language of science worldwide, putting non-native English speaking authors at a disadvantage. The notion of authors editing, which can help address this problem, is virtually unknown in many communities, especially in developing nations, Asian cultures, and even in some developed European countries. Many native English speakers involved in journal production in the US and abroad are approached to provide or to teach editing skills to non-native speakers, and many bilingual language teachers in foreign countries are also called to offer such services or instruction. Competence in conversational English is often not adequate to create good instructional materials for authors editing, however.
In this session, panel members will discuss the cultural factors associated with teaching and promoting authors editing, including how to improve basic English, copyediting, and substantive editing knowledge and skills. The session will cover what can or should be taught, how to teach it, and some of the problems that may be encountered when teaching it.
B3. Delivery Modes of the Future — Audio, Podcasts, Blogs, Talking Heads — and the Impacts on Editors
Larry Husten, News & Features Editor, TheHeart.Org; Stewart Wills, Online Editor, Science; Julie McKeel, Project Manager, Internet and Intranet Services, Duke Clinical Research Institute; Penny Hodgson, Duke Clinical Research Institute, Moderator
We editors are by nature a bookish lot. We like the feel and smell and texture of the book or journal we hold in our hands. How will we survive a future filled with wikis, blogs, podcasts, and webcasts? More importantly, how will we work in such an environment? What do these delivery modes of the future, and others we can't even imagine, mean to us as editors? Come hear from the experts about how we will all survive this technological evolution and, perhaps, somehow come to love curling up by the fire with a good computer in our lap.
Julie McKeel - Delivery Modes
Julie McKeel - Technology Synopsis
B4. Image Manipulation
John Krueger, Scientist-Investigator, Division of Investigative Oversight, Office of Research Integrity, Department of Health and Human Services; Suzanne Paquette, Computing and Software Systems Specialist, Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry; Linda Warren, Medical Illustrator; Angie Schmeckebier, Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry, Moderator
Can you tell when an image has been manipulated? What is the difference between a manipulated image and a finding of research misconduct? Come and discuss some online tools that will help publishers detect fraudulent images. We will also learn to bridge the gap between what publishers expect the editor to know and what they expect authors to know about publishing figures. Visual representation of medical and scientific information is changing as rapidly as our knowledge base is growing. Technology enables some truly remarkable images to communicate scientific data in innovative ways. See some of the pioneering work being done in this arena.
C1. Understanding the Challenges of Non-English-Speaking Authors
Barbara Gastel, Editor, Science Editor; Han Li, Teacher of English, Peking University Health Science Center; Carrie Cameron, UTMD Anderson Cancer Center; Carrie Cameron, Moderator
The number of scientists writing in English as their second language is growing rapidly, presenting challenges for authors and editors alike. What ESL writing issues do editors encounter and how can they address them? What aspects of writing do ESL authors identify as the most challenging and what do they want most from editors? Speakers will share strategies for navigating this unfamiliar terrain.
C2. Conflicts of Interest in Advertising and Sponsorship
Peter Banks, Banks Publishing, Publishing Consulting and Services; Elizabeth Wager, Publications Consultant, Sideview; Michael Vasko, Managing Editor, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation; Penny Hodgson, Duke Clinical Research Institute, Moderator
Is there a direct conflict of interest in sponsoring a clinical trial? How about paid advertising in a journal? Where and when does the conflict of interest cloud ethics? Can we ever truly be free of conflict of interest?
D1. Influence of Changes in Technology on Publishing Business Models
Richard Newman, Director, Journal Sales and Online Business, American Medical Association; Kent Anderson, Executive Director, International Business and Product Development, New England Journal of Medicine; Mary Summerfield, Director, Business Development and Planning, University of Chicago Press; Monica Mungle, JAMA and Archives Journals, Moderator
Dramatic changes in technology have affected the way that publishers do business. With an alphabet soup of technology-XHTML, XML, PDA, RSS-and an increasingly savvy audience embracing Web 2.0 and podcasts, how are the business models of publishers changing and why? Speakers from leading academic publishers share their experience on the influence of changes in technology on publishing business models.
E1. Current Status of Open Access
Martin Frank, Executive Director, American Physiological Society; Julia Blixrud, Assistant Director, Public Programs, SPARC; Matthew Cockerill, Biomed Central; Peter Banks, Banks Publishing, Publishing Consulting and Services; Martin Frank, Moderator
Increasingly, funding institutions worldwide are requiring that research funded by them be made freely available. These policies are having a major impact on journal finances and publication policies and raise questions of intellectual property rights. This session's speakers will talk about the current status of open access policies and where this evolution is taking us.
E2. The Role of Science Journals in Promoting Capacity Development in the Developing World (Follow-up from 2006 Meetings on Creating/Supporting Sustainable Societies)
Gavin Yamey, Magazine Editor, PLoS Medicine & Consulting Editor,PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, Public Library of Science; Phyllis Freeman, Professor Emerita, Law Center, CPCS (College of Public and Community Service) Senior Fellow, John J. McCormack Graduate School of Policy Studies, Center for Social Policy, University of Massachusetts Boston; Anthony Robbins, Professor, Tufts University School of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Family Medicine, Boston; Theodore Wachs, Managing Editor, MRD Editorial Office, Centre for Development and Environment, Institute of Geography, Switzerland; Theodore Wachs, Moderator
This session will address the role editors can play in supporting and helping to ensure publication of research in developing countries and also facilitating access by authors in the developing world to publications in the developed world that allow them to reach a global audience. This session builds on some of the points raised by CSE's Richard Horton, as quoted in the article "Lost Science in the Third World" in Scientific American, August 1995.
E3. In Celebration of the STIX Fonts: Was the Product Worth the Wait?: Yes, Most Definitely!
Tim Ingoldsby, American Institute of Physics; Barbara Beeton, American Mathematical Society; Wim de Vries, Elsevier; Fran Zappula, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Moderator.
After more than ten years of development and more than $1 million of investment, the STIX Fonts have been released by their creators, the STI Pub Group (American Chemical Society, American Institute of Physics, American Mathematical Society, American Physical Society, Elsevier, and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers). In this session, the project manager will describe the process by which the fonts were developed, an expert in typography will describe the font contents and how they relate to the very important Unicode standard, and a production editor will describe how they can and should become part of every publisher's production process and how authors should use the fonts.
G1. How the Public Domain Will Revolutionize Science and Medicine (Open Access 2.0)
John Wilbanks, Executive Director, Science Commons, Cambridge, MA; Christopher Surridge, Managing Editor, PLoS ONE, PLoS European Office; Ida Sim, Associate Professor of Medicine and Director, Center for Clinical and Translational Informatics, University of California San Francisco, and Steering Committee, Global Trial Bank; Gavin Yamey, Magazine Editor, PLoS Medicine & Consulting Editor, PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, Public Library of Science; Gavin Yamey, Moderator.
Open access to scholarly literature and data holds enormous promise for broadening collaborations and accelerating the pace and depth of scientific discovery. It is time now to move beyond sterile debates about open access publishing and to focus instead on how public domain data is revolutionizing science, medicine, and society. Our speakers are at the forefront of this technological and social revolution.
G2. Pros and Cons of Commercial vs. Self-Publishing
Muza Gondwe, Malawi Medical Journal, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi; Mauricio Rocha e Silva, São Paulo University Medical College, Hospital Das Clinicas, Brazil; Adrian Stanley, Chief Executive Officer, The Charlesworth Group (USA) Inc.; Ana Marusic, Editor, Croatian Medical Journal, Moderator
This session will explore the advantages and disadvantages of commercial and self-publishing. Commercial publishing brings greater profit and visibility, but self-publishing is common for smaller academic journals. Can self-publishing, or non-commercial publishing, bring visibility and prestige at a global level? Come to the session to learn about the two publishing sectors and contribute your experiences in journal publishing.
H3. Evidence-Based Editing: Promotion of Editorial Research
Christopher Surrige, Managing Editor, PLoS One, Cambridge, UK; Floyd Webster Rudmin, Associate Editor, Journal of Economic Psychology, University of Tromso, Norway; Amy Brand, Director, Business and Product Development, CrossRef; James Scott, Editor in Chief, Obstetrics and Gynecology; Bruce D. Rosenblum, Inera, Inc.; Ana Marusic, Editor, Croatian Medical Journal, Moderator; Margaret Winker, Deputy Editor, JAMA, Moderator
Despite several years of editorial research into promoting good practices and enhancing the editorial process, the basic process of evaluating manuscripts and preparing them for publication has changed little, and the format of most editorial professional meetings continues to focus on expert opinion rather than evidence-based practice. Cases of fraud and deception in scholarly publishing in scientific and medical journals have illuminated the limits editors face in evaluating manuscripts. How can editors more effectively evaluate manuscripts and what research needs to be done? What should CSE's role be? Learn and contribute in this provocative session.