Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Scholarly Resources

Welcome to CSE’s webpage on Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion (DEI) scholarly resources. Emerging DEI best practices are becoming increasingly important to promote equitable actions that advance diversity in various disciplines, including racial and ethnic diversity, institutional diversity, gender diversity, sex and gender diversity, disability (and accessibility) diversity, geographic diversity, and linguistic and cultural diversity. CSE is committed to providing its members with resources that can assist journals at various stages of implementing DEI-centered activities.

CSE is pleased to provide DEI resources in the seven categories linked here in one location as an aid for editors and scholarly publishing professionals. However, the content listed on this page is by no means a comprehensive list of resources on this important issue, nor does inclusion on this page imply endorsement by the Council of Science Editors. The categories are broad, and information may overlap more than one category. We invite visitors to explore content in any of these categories and to consider submitting resources for inclusion.

Has your journal or organization issued a statement about policies and practices related to diversity, equity, and inclusion? Have you updated your guide to authors, examined your peer review processes for potential bias, or launched efforts to collect demographic data to help you advance diversity, equity, and inclusion goals and objectives? You may submit a request here to include resources for consideration in any of the seven categories. 

 

DEI Committees of Trade/Professional Organizations in Scholarly Publishing

Trade and professional organizations have recognized the importance of addressing issues of diversity, equity, and inclusion. Resources available in this category provide information on the charge, mission, objectives, and activities of DEI-related committees and coalitions of trade and professional organizations. These committees and coalitions serve as resources by offering examples of DEI activities, training opportunities, lessons learned, and networks around which to get involved.

Coalition for Diversity and Inclusion in Scholarly Communications (C4DISC)
C4disc’s membership consist of trade and professional associations committed to discussing and addressing issues of diversity and inclusion within the scholarly communications industry.

Council of Science Editors’ Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Committee
The purpose of CSE’s DEI Committee is to assist CSE with establishing an organizational infrastructure, culture, and capacity to deliver programmatic activities and training to integrate DEI best practices in publication management, scholarly publishing and communication, new member recruitment, science editing among its leadership, members, member journals, and the profession at large.

Health Affairs Journal’s Health Equity Advisory Committee
The purpose of the Health Affairs’ Health Equity Committee is to guide the journal with developing and implementing strategies to advance equity within scholarly publishing of health services and health policy research.

International Society of Managing and Technical Editors (ISMTE) DEI Advisory Council
The DEI Advisory Council of the International Society of Managing and Technical Editors (ISMTE) advises the Board of Directors and committees on practical opportunities to cultivate DEI within the ISMTE leadership, programming, and membership; and explores how ISMTE can have a voice in the scholarly communications industry on issues of DEI.

Society for Scholarly Publishing’s Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Committee
SSP’s Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Committee is charged with providing education and resources to members about diversity and inclusion within their workplaces and providing direction to SSP volunteers about how they can model diversity and inclusion practices in the work that they are doing on behalf of the organization.

DEI and Peer Review

Peer reviewers play an important role in helping journals implement credible peer-review processes that lead to the dissemination of evidence-based, culturally appropriate, and trustworthy publications. Resources found in this category provide information on ways to implement strategies to overcome inequities built into the peer-review process that result in publishing content that lacks rigor and credibility.

Call to Action to All Surgery Journal Editors For Diversity in the Editorial and Peer Review Process
JAMA
Because implicit bias reflects unconscious and involuntary thoughts, attitudes, and stereotypes, it is critical to have diverse viewpoints throughout the editorial process, from editorial leaders and board members to peer reviewers. This editorial provides insight into the importance of improving diversity in the editorial and peer-review process to avoid repeatedly prioritizing the viewpoints of a select group of individuals over others.

Diversity and Inclusion in Peer Review at IOP Publishing
IOP
Using gender and geographical data between 2014 and 2018 from IOP authors, reviewers, and editorial board members, IOP produced a report that captures the current state of diversity and inclusion in peer review at IOP Publishing.

Diversity in Peer Review: Survey Results
COPE
The theme of the 2018 Peer Review Week was diversity and inclusion in peer review. To understand more about how the COPE community views this topic, the COPE Member Services Subcommittee launched a 3-week online Peer Review Diversity Survey during Peer Review Week. Findings from the survey, which consisted of 391 respondents, are presented.

Eight Ways to Tackle Diversity and Inclusion in Peer Review
The Scholarly Kitchen
The lack of diversity and inclusion in scholarly communications is increasingly well-documented. The author of this Scholarly Kitchen article provides practical suggestions for how to tackle diversity and inclusion in peer review.

Embracing the Role of the Reviewer: Developing Diverse, Equitable, and Inclusive Peer Review Teams
Sage
In 2021, SAGE Publishing celebrated Peer Review Week with a focus on “identity in peer review.” SAGE acknowledges that diverse voices, opinions, and perspectives are what makes the peer-review process successful. This webpage provides information on SAGE’s role as a publisher to make representation and scholarship more diverse, equitable, and inclusive. It also includes recommendations to the journal community on ways to diversify journal editorial boards.

Gender Diversity of Editorial Boards and Gender Differences in the Peer Review Process at Six Journals of Ecology and Evolution
Wiley
This article reports findings from a study examining how the gender diversity of editors and reviewers changed over time for six journals in ecology and evolution (2003–2015 for four journals, 2007–2015 or 2009–2015 for the other two), and how several aspects of the peer-review process differed between female and male editors and reviewers.

Research Culture and Identity in Peer Review
The Royal Society
This blog from the Royal Society examines issues surrounding diversity, equity, and inclusion in the peer-review process, identifies solutions, and offers initiatives, tools, and resources that can assist towards this goal.

The Giant Plan to Track Diversity in Research Journals
Nature
Efforts to chart and reduce bias in scholarly publishing include disclosure by authors, reviewers, and editors of their race or ethnicity. This article discusses the efforts of several journals to collect demographic data to better analyze researcher diversity.

The Peer Review Ecosystem: Where Does Diversity & Inclusion Fit In?
Council of Science Editors
This is a 2018 CSE free webinar that touches on the importance of diversity and inclusion in the speakers’ organizations as well as various practical approaches that others can use to help diversify their own peer reviewer communities.

DEI Statements and Policies from Journals, Trade and Professional Associations, and Publishers

Journal, trade organizations, professional associations, and publishers are declaring their commitment to advancing DEI best practices. This category provides access to published statements on developing DEI frameworks; guiding principles to address bias based on race and ethnicity, gender, religion, disability, and other aspects of self-identity; DEI-related editorial policies; and strategies to ensure a culture and practice of inclusion and diversity.

American Society for Microbiology Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Taskforce Report
American Society for Microbiology
Describes issues pertaining to the specific scientific/medical field served by the organization/publication (e.g., health ‎equity)‎ and offers guiding principles for governance boards.

C4DISC Joint Statement of Principles
C4DISC
C4disc is composed of 10 trade and professional associations that represent organizations and individuals working in scholarly communications. The Coalition was formed to discuss and address issues and principles of diversity and inclusion within our industry.

Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion: Why Wiley? Why Research Publishing?
Wiley
Focuses on having a long overdue conversation about systemic bias against people because of their race, gender, religion, disability, or any other aspects of identity.

Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion
Canadian Science Publishing
Publisher statement from Canadian Science Publishing.

Equity and the JAMA Network
JAMA
Discusses ongoing and new editorial priorities and key approaches of JAMA and the JAMA Network Journals to help promote DEI.

Five Quick Wins You Can Do as a Journal Editor
BMJ
Discusses editor/editorial ‎board ‎selection/composition, new editor/editorial board roles specific to DEI, and the peer review process.

A Framework for Action in Scientific Publishing: Improving Inclusion and Diversity in the Chemical Sciences
Royal Society of Chemistry
This tool is primarily intended for use by editorial decision-makers to help increase inclusion and diversity amongst editors, reviewers and authors. It also discusses ways to encourage progress on inclusion and diversity in scientific publishing.

Increasing Diversity in Science: It Begins with All of Us
Society for Biological Psychiatry 
Discusses editor/editorial ‎board ‎selection/composition, mentorship/programs/opportunities for members of underrepresented groups, and the peer review process.

Joint Commitment for Action on Inclusion and Diversity in Publishing: An Interview with Laura Norton and Nicola Nugent of the RSC
Royal Society of Chemistry and the Scholarly Kitchen
This interview discusses RSC’s efforts in developing cross-organizational initiatives, both formal and informal, to address these challenges in advancing DEI initiatives.

The Lancet Group’s Commitment to Gender Equity and Diversity
The Lancet
This paper describes the Lancet Group’s diversity pledge and no-all-male-panel policy.

Neurology Efforts by the Journal to Promote Perspectives of Equity, Diversity , and Inclusion and Address Disparities
Neurology
This editorial describes the journal’s promised update on the substantive and substantial changes made in their editorial team and editorial processes.

New at Cell Press: The Diversity and Inclusion Statement
Cell Press
This statement describes the journal’s approach to giving authors a venue to share ways in which their work or their research group, or both, are contributing to help science become more inclusive and diverse overall.

PCD’s Commitment to Advancing Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in Its Scientific Leadership, Peer-Review Process, Research Focus, Training, and Continuing Education
Office of Medicine and Science/National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
Addresses editor/editorial ‎board ‎selection/composition, entorship/programs/opportunities for members of underrepresented groups, new ‎editor/editorial ‎board roles ‎specific to DEI, the peer review process, editorial ‎policy/study ‎methodology/reporting ‎guidelines, call for ‎papers‎/special issues, issues pertaining to the specific scientific/medical field served by the organization/publication (e.g., health ‎equity)‎, and continuing education/DEI training for editorial team members and/or staff.

Royal Society of Chemistry Joint Commitment for Action on Inclusion and Diversity in Publishing
Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
The joint commitment was launched in June 2020. It was developed following a workshop in which the RSC shared its Framework for action – a practical guide to reducing bias in its publishing activities – in a workshop with other publishers.

The Scholarly Kitchen: Revisiting: The Problem with Diversity, Inclusion, and Equity
The Scholarly Kitchen
This article describes the difference between “diversity,” “equity,” and “inclusion” and also addresses the causes of inequities.

Bias, Discrimination, and Racism

Historical societal challenges have warranted the need for greater focus on bias, discrimination, and racism. Resources in this category provide information on the impact of bias, discrimination, and racism on an organization’s composition, editorial processes, and published content. Resources in this category offer examples of how to avoid and address issues related to bias, discrimination, and racism in scientific publishing.

Committed to Inclusion and Equity, We Stand in Solidarity with Black Communities – Because Black Lives Matter
Elsevier
This resource describes the importance of ensuring a culture and practice of inclusion and diversity at Elsevier, eliminating systemic racism in research and health, and being an advocate for Black Lives.

Confronting Environmental Racism
Environmental Health Perspectives
This resource discusses the peer review ‎process, editorial policy/study methodology/reporting guidelines‎, calls for papers/special series, issues pertaining to the specific scientific/medical field served by the organization/publication (e.g., health ‎equity)‎, and guide for Authors/Instructions for Authors.

Dismantling Racism in Scholarly Publishing, Intentionally and Unapologetically
Health Affairs
Health Affairs
discusses plans to be intentional in promoting and advancing equity via three elements— equitable participation, new voices, and introspection — which are outlined with corresponding actions.

Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in Scholarly Research and Publishing 
COPE
This COPE webinar covers discrimination and bias, identity and name change inclusion policies in scholarly publications, and historically offensive content in scholarly publications.

New Author Name Change Policy Supports a More Inclusive Publishing Environment
Wiley
Wiley announces that they have updated their author name change policy to support the anonymity of authors who wish to change their name on already-published research.

On Racism: A New Standard for Publishing on Racial Health Inequities 
Health Affairs
Health Affairs details several standards for publishing on racial health inequities, intended for researchers, journals, and peer reviewers.

Our Vision: An Antiracist Journal
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 
This vision statement describes editor/editorial ‎board ‎selection/composition, new ‎editor/editorial ‎board roles ‎specific to DEI, the peer review ‎process, editorial ‎policy/study ‎methodology/reporting ‎guidelines, and calls for ‎papers‎.

Responsibility of Medical Journals in Addressing Racism in Health Care (Editorial)
JAMA Network
This editorial discusses how structural pillars of racism foster an environment that promotes persisting racial gaps in morbidity and mortality and addresses the need to reassess the role medical journals can play in addressing the health effects of systemic racism.

Taking an Antiracist Posture in Scientific Publications in Human Genetics and Genomics
American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics
This resource describes editorial ‎policy/study ‎methodology/reporting ‎guidelines, issues pertaining to the specific scientific/medical field served by the organization/publication (e.g., health ‎equity)‎, and reviewing published papers for appropriate reporting.

Data Collection on Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion

Collecting demographic data can provide key metrics useful in understanding who is at the table deciding what gets published, including organizational leadership and staff composition. This category provides information on the importance of collecting demographic data, tools for collecting demographic data, and ways to use demographic data to guide strategic planning and day-to-day decision making.

Introducing Demographic Questions during Manuscript Submission at the American Psychological Association 
The Scholarly Kitchen
American Psychological Association (APA) Publishing’s equity, diversity, and inclusion framework is to promote a diverse community of authors, editors, and reviewers by dismantling the systemic and institutional barriers that historically excluded scholars and researchers face. This article discusses how, what, and why APA rolled out an improved mechanism for collecting demographic data in its peer-review system, Editorial Manager.

Joint Commitment for Action on Inclusion and Diversity in Publishing
Royal Society of Chemistry
The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) has brought together 53 publishing organizations to set a new standard to ensure a more inclusive and diverse culture within scholarly publishing. As a group with journal portfolios in excess of 15,000, RSC acknowledges that biases exist in scholarly publishing and we commits to scrutinizing our own its processes to minimizes these. The group of publishing organizations have launched standardized questions for self-reported diversity data collection and minimum standards for inclusion and diversity for scholarly publishing.

Scientific Journals Commit to Diversity but Lack the Data
New York Times
Provides insight into historical lack of diversity in scientific publishing and identifies journals that have developed/released plans to address this issue.

Reporting Sex, Gender, and Race in Publications

Journal guidelines are increasingly requiring authors to provide more detailed, specific, and rigorous reporting on sex, gender, race, and ethnicity in published papers. This category provides examples of journal guidance to authors on reporting sex, gender, race, and ethnicity to improve research integrity.

Checklist for Reporting of Race and Ethnicity in Medical and Science Journals modified from JAMA
American Society of Nephrology
This checklist offers at-a-glance one-page guidance, released from JAMA, on how and where in medical and science journal articles to report race and ethnicity.

The Groundwater of Racial and Ethnic Disparities Research
American Heart Association
This article provides guidance to authors on reporting racial and ethnic disparities and describes AHA’s evolving view of best practices for publishing disparities research.

Sex and Gender Equity in Research: Rationale for the SAGER Guidelines and Recommended Use
EASE
This article describes editorial ‎policy, study ‎methodology, reporting ‎guidelines, issues pertaining to the specific scientific/medical field served by the organization/publication, continuing education, DEI training for editorial team members and/or staff, and reviewing published papers for appropriate reporting.

Toward Transparent Demographic Analyses: Statement on the Use and Reporting of Classification Variables Presented as Measuring Individual Characteristics such as Race, Equity, Indigeneity, National Origin, Gender, Sexual Orientation, or Socioeconomic Status
Medical Decision Making

This article provides guidance to authors on how to report variables such as race, ethnicity, national origin, indigeneity, gender, sexual orientation, or socioeconomic status in papers submitted for publication consideration.

Updated Guidance on the Reporting of Race and Ethnicity in Medical and Science Journals
JAMA Network Journal Editors
The goal of this article is to offer recommendations and suggestions that encourage fairness, equity, consistency, and clarity in the use and reporting of race and ethnicity in medical and science journals.

Inclusive Language Communication

Incorporating inclusive and nonbinary language as part of a publisher’s style guide and journal’s author guidelines is critically important. This category provides information on the importance of using inclusive and nonbinary language that allows contributing authors and future authors to feel included, invited, and motivated to submit their work to the journal for consideration. Further, resources in this category provide information on how to improve the use of inclusive and nonbinary language in publications that recognizes authors, study participants, and the journal’s readership as being valued and respected.

Guidelines on Inclusive Language and Images in Scholarly Communication
Coalition for Diversity and Inclusion in Scholarly Communication (C4DISC)
This Coalition for Diversity and Inclusion in Scholarly Communication (C4DISC) toolkit is a global tool, educational resource, and living archive to help all authors, editors, and reviewers recognize the use of language and images that are inclusive and culturally sensitive. This resource can be used at various steps of the scholarly publishing process, such as manuscript writing, peer review, and presentation of published output.

AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)
American Medical Association
Provides guidance on inclusive language regarding personal pronouns, race and ethnicity, socioeconomic status, persons with disabilities, and sexual orientation.

CDC’s Health Equity Guiding Principles for Inclusive Communication
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
These principles are intended to help public health professionals, particularly health communicators, within and outside of CDC ensure their communication products and strategies adapt to the specific cultural, linguistic, environmental, and historical situation of each population or audience of focus.

Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion: Inclusive Language Guidelines
American Psychological Association
APA offers guidelines aim to raise awareness, guide learning, and support the use of culturally sensitive terms and phrases that center the voices and perspectives of those who are often marginalized or stereotyped.

The Language of Race and Ethnicity in Academic Medical Publishing
Journal of Osteopathic Medicine / American Osteopathic Association
Discusses editorial ‎policy/study ‎methodology/reporting ‎guidelines and guide for Authors/Instructions for Authors.

Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (8th ed.)
Council of Science Editors
CSE’s scientific style reference for authors, editors, publishers, students, and translators in all areas of science and related fields. Ninth edition is scheduled for release in 2022.

The Radical Copyeditor’s Style Guide for Writing about Transgender People
JAMA
The purpose of this style guide is to help people of all gender identities and experiences practice more care toward those on the margins. The style guide is meant as general guidance, not concrete rules, with a focus on how to practice care toward people with diverse experiences of gender.

Thoughts on Sex and Gender Inclusive Language in Medical Publishing
Council of Science Editors
This editorial clarifies current issues around inclusive language for biological sex, gender, gender identity, and pronouns in medical journal publishing, with a focus on the AMA Manual of Style 11th edition. It offers some immediate solutions and outlines the importance of addressing these changes for authors, editors, and publishers going forward.