Recommendations for Promoting Integrity in Scientific Journal Publications

CSE’s Recommendations for Promoting Integrity in Scientific Journal Publications

CSE’s Recommendations for Promoting Integrity in Scientific Journal Publications was first published in 2006, and the full document was updated in 2009 and again in 2012. Since May 2018, the paper is updated on a rolling basis as new sections are added and/or existing sections are updated to reflect new information or best practices. This updated method for amending the document will allow for more rapid dissemination of updates. Emails from the CSE Marketing Committee as well as Commentaries in Science Editor will alert the membership to the updates.

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2.1 Editor Roles and Responsibilities *Updated Oct. 2022

2.1.1   Editorial Freedom
2.1.2   Confidentiality
2.1.3   Conflicts of Interest
2.1.4   Conflict of Interest Disclosure
2.1.5   Citation Manipulation
2.1.6   Editorial Board Participation
2.1.7   Supplements, Special Series, or Calls for Papers *New Sept. 2021
2.1.8   Timeliness of the Publication Process
2.1.9   Errata, Retractions, and Expressions of Concern
2.1.10   Addressing Authorship Disputes
2.1.11   Considering Appeals for Reconsideration of Rejected Manuscripts
2.1.12   Addressing Allegations or Findings of Misconduct (see section 3.0)
2.1.13   Preprint Servers *Updated Feb. 2022
2.1.14   Standards for Critiques/Responses to Published Articles *New Oct. 2022
2.1.15   Use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the Work *New Apr. 2023
2.1.16   References
2.1.17   Resources and Case Studies

2.2 Authorship and Author Responsibilities *Updated Jun. 2020

2.2.1   Authorship
2.2.2   Other Authorship Issues
2.2.3   Acknowledgments
2.2.4   Order of Authors
2.2.5   Changes to the Author Byline
2.2.6   Author Responsibilities
2.2.7   References
2.2.8   Resources and Case Studies

2.3 Reviewer Roles and Responsibilities *Updated Jun. 2020

2.3.1   Reviewer Selection
2.3.2   Ethical Responsibilities of Reviewers
2.3.3   Examples of Reviewer Impropriety
2.3.4   Using Anonymous Reviewers vs. Open Peer Review
2.3.5   Rewarding Reviewers
2.3.6   References
2.3.7   Resources and Case Studies

2.4 Sponsor Roles and Responsibilities *Updated Jun. 2020

2.4.1   Introduction   Publication Planning   Authorship   Process Control (Content and Journal Selection)   Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest   Access to and Provision of Data   Copyright   Clinical Trial Registration and Dissemination of Findings

2.4.2   Proper Sponsor Conduct and Ethical Practices
2.4.3   Concluding Remarks
2.4.4   References

2.5 Relations between Editors and Publishers, Sponsoring Societies, or Journal Owners

2.5.1   Resources and Case Studies
2.5.2   Publication Oversight Committees *New May 2018

2.6 Responsibilities to the Media *Updated May 2023

2.6.1   Resources and Case Studies

2.7 Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in Scholarly Publishing *New Sept. 2022

2.8 Social Media and Podcasting: Opportunities and Responsibilities *New Apr. 2023

2.8.1   Resources and Case Studies


3.1 Description of Research Misconduct

3.1.1   Mistreatment of Research Subjects
3.1.2   Falsification and Fabrication of Data
3.1.3   Piracy and Plagiarism
3.1.4   References

3.2 International Models for Responding to Research Misconduct

3.2.1   National Bodies Responding to the Problem
3.2.2   Definition of Research Misconduct
3.2.3   The Investigation
3.2.4   Post-Investigation Issues
3.2.5   References

3.3 Reporting Suspect Manuscripts

3.3.1   Why Might a Manuscript be Considered Suspect?
3.3.2   Who Might Notify a Journal about a Suspect Manuscript?
3.3.3   What Should be Done When Misconduct is Alleged?
3.3.4   Whom Should a Journal Notify about a Suspect Manuscript?
3.3.5   What to do if the Submitting Author’s Response is not Satisfactory
3.3.6   Who Investigates Allegations of Misconduct?
3.3.7   What Information Should be Provided During Investigations?
3.3.8   Handling Accusations from Anonymous Sources
3.3.9   References

3.4 Digital Images and Misconduct

3.4.1   Guidelines for Handling Image Data
3.4.2   Procedure for Handling Guideline Violations
3.4.3   References

3.5 Correcting the Literature

3.5.1   Definitions
3.5.2   Processes and Considerations   Editor’s List of Correction Considerations   Editor’s List of Elements and Operations for Corrections

3.5.3   Examples of Errata, Partial Retractions, Retractions, and Expressions of Concern   Errata   Partial Retraction   Retractions   Expressions of Concern

3.5.4   References

3.6 Handling Third-Party Inquiries About Scientific Misconduct

3.6.1   Media
3.6.2   Legal Counsel
3.6.3   Federal Agencies